Panama Dashboard
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At a Glance
The occurrence of climate-related disasters in Latin America has already increased by a factor of 2.4 since 1970.
Panama experiences a series of extreme weather events including intense and protracted rainfalls, windstorms, floods, droughts, wildfires, earthquakes, landslides, tropical cyclones, tsunamis and ENSO/El Niño-La Niña events.
Between 1982 and 2008, Panama was struck by 32 natural disaster events, with total economic damages totaling an estimated US $86 million. In addition, loss of human life during these events totaled 249.
Top Disasters
Disaster Date No Killed
Epidemic 1992 57
Flood 1970 48
Epidemic 1991 43
Storm 1988 30
Earthquake 1991 30
Flood 1966 20
Flood 1978 19
Flood 2004 16
Flood 2008 16
Flood 2010 13
Average Annual Natural Hazard Occurrence
Data Source
Key Issues
  • Droughts – Drought events are exacerbated by the El Niño/ La Niña phenomenon.
  • Droughts- There are several areas identified as critical and prone to soil degradation and recurrent droughts: el Arco Seco, la Sabana Veraguense, el Corregimiento de Cerro Punta y la Comarca Ngöbe Buglé.
  • Floods - Between 2000 and 2006, floods had the highest human and economic impact in Panama. 62,678 people were affected by floods (8 events) with the cost of damages reaching US $8.8 million.
  • Floods- The multitude of floods affecting the country in the last decade has lead to significant problems for the agricultural sector in Panama.
Natural Hazards
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storm surge
earthquake-triggered landslides
precipitation-triggered landslides
volcanic activity
People Affected
Data Source
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