The occurrence of climate-related disasters in Latin America has already increased by a factor of 2.4 since 1970.
Panama experiences a series of extreme weather events including intense and protracted rainfalls, windstorms, floods, droughts, wildfires, earthquakes, landslides, tropical cyclones, tsunamis and ENSO/El Niño-La Niña events.
Between 1982 and 2008, Panama was struck by 32 natural disaster events, with total economic damages totaling an estimated US $86 million. In addition, loss of human life during these events totaled 249.
Droughts – Drought events are exacerbated by the El Niño/ La Niña phenomenon.
Droughts- There are several areas identified as critical and prone to soil degradation and recurrent droughts: el Arco Seco, la Sabana Veraguense, el Corregimiento de Cerro Punta y la Comarca Ngöbe Buglé.
Floods - Between 2000 and 2006, floods had the highest human and economic impact in Panama. 62,678 people were affected by floods (8 events) with the cost of damages reaching US $8.8 million.
Floods- The multitude of floods affecting the country in the last decade has lead to significant problems for the agricultural sector in Panama.