Mozambique Dashboard
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Recent Trends
Mean rainfall 2.5 mm/mo  
Mean temperature 0.6 °C  
‘Hot’ days per year 25 days  
Heavy rainfall events 25 days  
Key Trends
RAINFALL
  • Since the 1960s, mean rainfall decreased by an average of 2.5 millimeters per month (3.1%) per decade. Spatial Manifestations are varied, with increased rainfall over the northern regions, highly variable conditions in the central regions, and persistent drought periods coupled with episodic floods in the south.
  • The proportion of days with heavy rainfall events increased by 2.6% per decade or 25 days per year. Mean annual temperature has increased by 0.9°C since 1960, an average rate of 0.20°C per decade. Of that region and season) increased by 25 in the last 40 years, and much of this has occurred during the southern hemisphere autumn. This corresponds to the first harvest cycle of many major grains across the country, with significant implications for agricultural pests and yields.
TEMPERATURE
  • Mean temperatures across the country rose by an average of 6 C (0.15-0.16 C per decade), especially during the rainy season.
  • The number of hot days (defined as the temperature exceeded on 10% of days or nights in the current climate of that region and season) increased by 25 in the last 40 years, and much of this has occurred during the southern hemisphere autumn. This corresponds to the first harvest cycle of many major grains across the country, with significant implications for agricultural pests and yields.
Annual Climate Characteristics
Click on the map to view the historical climate chart for that province.
To learn more about the data click here.
Key Climate Periods
  • Average coastal temperatures are 25-27°C in the summer and 20-23°C in winter.
  • Average temperatures in the southern region are 24-26°C in summer and 20-22°C in winter.
  • Southern region is generally drier.
  • Coastal region receives more rainfall.
Historical Climate Maps
Annual Rainfall
Major Climate Processes
  • El Niño
  • La Niña
  • Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)
  • Surface temperatures in the Indian Ocean
Impacts on Climate
  • Warmer and drier than average conditions
  • Cold and wet conditions
  • Drives Rainfall
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