Mozambique Dashboard
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Recent Trends
Mean rainfall 2.5 mm/mo  
Mean temperature 0.6 °C  
‘Hot’ days per year 25 days  
Heavy rainfall events Explore Further
Key Sectors
Agriculture/Food Security
Coastal Zones/Marine Ecosystems
Water Resources
Urban Areas Explore Further
Natural Hazards
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Mozambique is one of the poorest countries in the world. It faces many development challenges, including pronounced and widespread poverty, low life expectancy, and wide gaps in educational achievement. The country experiences high levels of climate variability and extreme weather events (i.e. droughts, floods, and tropical cyclones). Droughts are the most frequent disaster, occurring every three to four years, and pose a major constraint to development since most of the country’s population, especially the poor, reside in rural areas and rely on rain-fed agriculture. Mozambique also lies at the end of numerous transnational river basins and flooding in its deltas is a perennial threat to both farmers and infrastructure, especially when coupled with cyclonic storm surges. Mozambique is already investing in prevention of natural hazards and improving its early warning systems. Adaptation measures are being implemented in the agriculture, fisheries, energy, environmental, and water sectors, with particular attention being paid to the coastal zones and erosion control.
Selected Indicators for Impacts and Vulnerabilities
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