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At a Glance
Mexico faces several natural hazards, including earthquakes. The country lies in one of the world’s most seismological active regions and, therefore, experiences damaging earthquakes.
Climate-related hazards in the region include storms and flooding, which mostly occur during heavy rain seasons. Storm events are more commonly associated with hurricanes, bring high winds and cause extensive damage.
Mexico’s coastlines are vulnerable to tropical cyclones and hurricanes from both the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans from July through October.
Top Disasters
Disaster Date No Killed
Earthquake 1985 9500
Flood 1959 2000
Volcano 1949 1000
Storm 1959 960
Flood 1999 636
Storm 1976 600
Storm 1955 500
Earthquake 1973 500
Storm 1961 436
Extreme Temperature 1990 380
Average Annual Natural Hazard Occurrence
Data Source
Key Issues
  • The September 1985 earthquake, which hit Mexico City hard, has been the most devastating since 1900, leading to 9,500 deaths and affecting over 2.1 million people.
  • In September 2010, a storm affected over 230,000 people, and was followed by floods that affected over one million people.
  • Total economic losses due to storms in 2010 were estimated to be US$5.9 million. The extent and intensity of such storms could increase with the projected climate warming.
Natural Hazards
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Layers

cyclones
storm surge
earthquake
earthquake-triggered landslides
precipitation-triggered landslides
droughts
volcanic activity
tsunamis
floods
wildfires
People Affected
Data Source
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