Kyrgyz Republic Dashboard
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Recent Trends
Mean annual temperature 0.8°C
since 1900
Trends in rainfall are unknown Explore Further
Key Sectors
Water Resources
Agriculture and Livestock
Energy Explore Further
Natural Hazards
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The Kyrgyz Republic is a landlocked country located in north-eastern Central Asia between two major mountain systems, the Tien Shan and the Pamirs. Spanning a total landmass of 187.5 thousand square kilometers (km2), it runs from 39° and 44°N latitude and 69° and 81°E longitude. The Kyrgyz Republic is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the south-west, and China to the east. Approximately 94% of the country is located at more than 1,000 meters (m) above sea level, and 40% is above 3,000 m. Over 80% of the country is within the Tian Shan mountain chain and 4% is permanently under ice and snow. Of a total population of 5,321,355 in Kyrgyz Republic, the majority live in the foothills of the mountains, where they are most vulnerable to climate hazards. Forty-three percent of the population lives below the poverty line and 50% are rural dwellers. Average Gross National Income (GNI), a measure of relative wealth, is US $870 per capita. Agriculture is by far the most important livelihood activity, contributing to one-third of GDP and employing 65% of the population. Industrial processing, the second most productive sector in Kyrgyz Republic, also highly depends on the agricultural sector for provision of raw goods. Over half of Kyrgyz Republic’s GDP is derived from climate and weather-sensitive activities. Drought is a common occurrence in the country as are land and mudslides, avalanches, squalls, downpours, icing, frosts, breakthrough of glacial lakes, floods, rise of sub-soil waters, epidemics, pests, crop diseases, river erosion, and earthquakes. Notably, Kyrgyz Republic experiences between 3,000 and 5,000 earthquakes every year, with large-scale catastrophes taking place every 5-10 years. On average, destruction and loss from natural disasters totals up to US $30-35 million per year.
Selected Indicators for Impacts and Vulnerabilities
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