The Kyrgz Republic is a landlocked country located in north-eastern Central Asia between two major mountain systems, the Tien Shan and the Pamirs. Spanning a total landmass of 187.5 thousand km2it spans from 39° and 44°N latitude and 69° and 81°East longitude. The Kyrgyz Republic is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the south-west and China to the east. . Approximately 94% of the country is located at more than 1,000 m above sea level, and 40% above 3,000m. Over 80% of the country is within the Tian Shan mountain chain, and four percent of this is permanently under ice and snow . Of a total population of 5,321,355 in Kyrgyz Republic, the majority live in foothills of the mountains, where they are most vulnerable to climate hazards. Forty-three percent of the population lives at the poverty line and fifty percent are rural dwellers. Average Gross National Income (GNI), a measure of relative wealth is $870 per capita . Agriculture is by far the most important livelihood activity, contributing to one-third of GDP and employing 65% of the population. Industrial processing, the second most productive sector in Kyrgyz Republic, also highly depends on the agricultural sector for provision of raw goods. In total, one-third of the country’s GDP is directly dependent on the agriculture sector . Over half of Kyrgyz Republic’s GDP is sensitive to climate and weather. Drought is a common occurrence in the country as are earthquakes, land and mudslides, avalanches, squalls, downpours, icing, frosts, breakthrough of glacial lakes, floods, rise of sub-soil waters, epidemics, pests, crop diseases and river erosion . Notably, Kyrgyz Republic experiences between 3,000 and 5,000 earthquakes every year, with large-scale catastrophes taking place every 5-10 years. On average, destruction and loss from earthquakes totals up to USD$25-30 million per year.
Selected Indicators for Impacts and Vulnerabilities