Climate Profiles

Vulnerability, Risk Reduction and Adaptation to Climate Change profiles provide a quick reference source for development practitioners to better integrate climate resilience in development planning and operations.

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Climate Smart Agriculture Profiles


The climate-smart agriculture (CSA) concept reflects an ambition to improve the integration of agriculture development and climate responsiveness. It aims to achieve food security and broader development goals under a changing climate and increasing food demand.

CSA initiatives sustainably increase productivity, enhance resilience, and reduce/remove greenhouse gases (GHGs), and require planning to address tradeoffs and synergies between these three pillars: productivity, adaptation, and mitigation. The priorities of different countries and stakeholders are reflected to achieve more efficient, effective, and equitable food systems that address challenges in environmental, social, and economic dimensions across productive landscapes. While the concept is new, and still evolving, many of the practices that make up CSA already exist worldwide and are used by farmers to cope with various production risks.

Mainstreaming CSA requires critical stocktaking of ongoing and promising practices for the future, and of institutional and financial enablers for CSA adoption. This country profile provides a snapshot of a developing baseline created to initiate discussion, both within countries and globally, about entry points for investing in CSA at scale.

The CSA country profiles bridges a knowledge gap by providing clarity on CSA terminology, components, relevant issues, and how to contextualize it under different country conditions. The knowledge product is also a methodology for assessing a baseline on climate smart agriculture at the country level (both national and sub-national) that can guide climate smart development. The profiles are effective tools for synthesizing complex information into focused outputs that compare in a visually-appealing way the ‘climate smartness’ of many country activities and their adoption potential.

Please take a look at them at:

South America

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Argentina
+ Supplementary material Argentina

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Colombia
+ Supplementary material Colombia

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Costa Rica
+ Supplementary material Costa Rica

Climate-Smart Agriculture in El Salvador
+ Supplementary material El Salvador

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Grenada
+ Supplementary material Grenada

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Mexico
+ Supplementary material Mexico

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Chiapas, Mexico
+ Supplementary material Chiapas

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Sinaloa, Mexico
+ Supplementary material Sinaloa

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Peru
+ Supplementary material Peru

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Nicaragua

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Uruguay

Agricultura climáticamente inteligente en Argentina

Agricultura climáticamente inteligente en Colombia

Agricultura climáticamente inteligente en Costa Rica

Agricultura climáticamente inteligente en El Salvador

Agricultura climáticamente inteligente en México

Agricultura climáticamente inteligente en Chiapas, México

Agricultura climáticamente inteligente en Sinaloa, México

Agricultura climáticamente inteligente en el Perú

Agricultura climáticamente inteligente en Nicaragua

Agricultura climáticamente inteligente en Uruguay


Sub-Saharan Africa

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Kenya
+ Supplementary material Kenya

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Rwanda
+ Supplementary material Rwanda

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Mozambique

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Tanzania

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Zambia


South Asia

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Sri Lanka
+ Supplementary material Sri Lanka

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Bangladesh

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Bhutan

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Nepal

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Pakistan



Climate-Smart Agriculture in Moldova



The Country Profiles are a product of strong and effective collaboration. They were developed by a team comprising the World Bank Agriculture Global Practice and the Climate Change Cross Cutting Solutions Area, in collaboration with external partners from CIAT (International Center for Tropical Agriculture) in Colombia and CATIE (Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center) (in Costa Rica).

For more information please contact Svetlana Edmeades and Ana Bucher