Morocco’s rainy season extends from October through April, often resulting in devastating floods. Within the past decade (2002-2011), nine out of the top ten natural disasters in Morocco were floods.
Droughts rank on top of the list of natural disasters in terms of the number of people affected and associated economic losses. Droughts affect water supplies in rural areas and have negative impacts on rainfed agriculture.
Fire incidents have been on the increase causing estimated losses in forest products (timber and non-timber forest products) of 18 million DH (dirham) per year (approx. US$1.8 million).
The northeastern part of Morocco is highly susceptible to landslides resulting from both precipitation events, as well as earthquakes. The landslide of April 1982 affected over 12,216 people.
The rains that cause flooding are often of a greater intensity and localized, making it difficult to predict and apply appropriate management solutions.
Floods often result in loss of life and economic damage. PreventionWeb estimates that over 23,478 people in the country are exposed to potential flooding and associated losses.
Drought frequency and intensity have increased in recent decades and are projected to worsen with climate change. Extended meteorological droughts in the Middle Atlas Mountains of Morocco, namely the Oum er Rbia watershed, have severely impacted water availability.