? Climate Change Knowledge Portal
Recent Trends
Mean annual PET 100 -200 mm  
Mean annual rainfall Sudano-Sahelian region 600 -900 mm  
Mean annual rainfall Sudanian region Explore Further
Key Sectors
Water Resources
Animal Resources
Average Annual Natural Hazard Occurrence
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Burkina Faso is a landlocked country located in the middle of the West African Sahel region and occupying over 274,000 square kilometers (sq km). With limited natural resources and a highly variable climate, Burkina Faso struggles to provide its dense population with food security and economic opportunity. One of the smallest economies in the world, Burkina Faso is deeply dependent on agriculture, with roughly 80% of employment linked to subsistence farming. The country’s soils tend to be poor in nutrients, have low water-holding capacity, and are largely degraded. When rainfall declines, dust storms occur, or temperature spikes, food supplies/yields are immediately affected. As a result of this fragility, Burkina Faso remains at the bottom of the UN’s Human Development Index, ranking 162 out of 169 countries, with 46% of the population below the poverty line. Located between the Sahara Desert to the north and coastal rainforests to the south, Burkina Faso is prone to chronic drought, flash floods, wind storms, and disease outbreaks. Measures to improve water retention and cultivation resilience to climate variation have started, but remain local and small scale. Low agricultural productivity continues to impede the nation’s growth; therefore, major efforts to increase technical capacity, financial lending, water storage, crop diversification, and soil restoration are necessary. In addition, national weather early warning systems, environmental monitoring, and research on best practices will be essential to better forecast and combat the impacts of climate change.
Selected Indicators for Impacts and Vulnerabilities
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